Model clauses

Tools & Rules


Parties who wish to settle their disputes (including sport disputes) by arbitration must enter into an arbitration agreement. The arbitration agreement is either concluded in a stand-alone agreement or as part of a contract (e.g. a sport association’s statutes). The German Arbitration Institute (DIS) recommends all parties who wish to refer disputes to the German Court of Arbitration for Sport to enter into arbitration agreements on a contractual basis (in accordance with § 1029 ZPO).

Model arbitration clause for sport-related commercial disputes

The DIS recommends all parties wishing to submit sport-related commercial arbitration to the DIS Sport Arbitration Rules to use the following arbitration clause:

Die DIS empfiehlt allen Parteien, die auf die DIS-Sportschiedsgerichtsordnung in sportbezogenen Wirtschaftsstreitigkeiten Bezug nehmen wollen, folgende Schiedsvereinbarung:

(1) „Alle Streitigkeiten, die sich aus oder im Zusammenhang mit dem Vertrag (... Bezeichnung des Vertrages ...) oder über seine Gültigkeit ergeben, werden nach der Sportschiedsgerichtsordnung der Deutschen Institution für Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit e. V. (DIS) (DIS-SportSchO) unter Ausschluss des ordentlichen Rechtsweges endgültig entschieden.”

Folgende Ergänzungen können empfehlenswert sein:

(2) Das Schiedsgericht besteht aus... [bitte eintragen: „einem Einzelschiedsrichter“ oder „drei Schiedsrichtern“].

(3) Der Schiedsort ist…[bitte gewünschten Schiedsort eintragen].

(4) Die Verfahrenssprache ist… [bitte gewünschte Verfahrenssprache eintragen].

(5) Das anwendbare materielle Recht ist… [bitte gewünschtes Recht oder gewünschte Verfahrensregeln eintragen].

The DIS recommends all parties wishing to submit sport-related commercial arbitration to the DIS Sport Arbitration Rules to use the following arbitration clause:

(1) “All disputes arising out of or in connection with the contract (... designation of the contract ...) or concerning its validity shall be finally settled in accordance with the Sport Arbitration Rules of the German Arbitration Institute (DIS) without recourse to the ordinary courts of law.

(2) The arbitral tribunal shall be comprised of [please insert “a sole arbitrator” or “three arbitrators”].

(3) The seat of the arbitration shall be [please insert city and country].

(4) The language of the arbitration shall be [please insert language of the arbitration].

(5) The law applicable to the merits shall be [please insert law or rules of law].”

Model clause in anti-doping disputes

The DIS recommends the following model clause to all associations that would like to relate to the DIS Sport Arbitration Rules:

Form requirements of arbitration agreements

Under German law, the formal requirements of arbitration agreements are set out in section 1031 of the Civil Code. Note that an athlete will often be considered a “consumer” within the meaning of German law (section 13 of the Civil Code: “A consumer means every natural person who enters into a legal transaction for purposes that predominantly are outside his trade, business or profession”).

We therefore draw your attention to the specific form requirements in Section 1031 (5) of the Civil Code.

(1) The arbitration agreement must be set out either in a document signed by the parties, or in letters, telefax copies, telegrams, or other forms of transmitting messages as exchanged by the parties, and that ensure proof of the agreement by supporting documents.

(2) The requirement as to form stipulated by subsection (1) shall be deemed to have been met also in those cases in which the arbitration agreement is contained in a document transmitted by one party to another party, or by a third party to both parties, the content of which document is regarded, in the event an opposition is lodged late and in accordance with customary standards, to be the content of an agreement.

(3) Where an agreement that is in compliance with the requirements as to form set out in subsection (1) or (2) makes reference to a document containing an arbitration clause, this establishes an arbitration agreement wherever the reference is made such that this clause is included as a component part of the agreement.

(4) (repealed) .

(5) Arbitration agreements in which a consumer is involved must be contained in a record or document signed by the parties in their own hands. The written form as set out in the first sentence may be replaced by the electronic form pursuant to section 126a of the Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, BGB). The record or document, or the electronic document may not contain agreements other than those making reference to the arbitration proceedings; this shall not apply if the agreement is recorded by a notary.

(6) Any failure to comply with formal requirements shall be remedied by an appearance being made, in the hearing before the arbitral tribunal, on the merits of the case.

*Translation:, 24 March 2020.

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